Tuesday, May 23, 2017

Intelligent Scribbles インテリジェント・スクリブル(知的な落書き)

" Why do life drawing?  Because we learn the normal to have authority with the fantastic.  We learn where the weight is. We learn proportion. We learn where to place things. We learn clarity.  It broadens our range.  It's like working out in order to get fit. And we don't want fancy drawings----we need intelligent scribbles"
-Richard Williams

「写生をする理由は何だろうか? 標準を知っている者には、奇想天外なことが許されるからだ。ウエイトがどこにあるか。比率はどうか。明瞭さとはどんなことか。すべてのパーツがどのようにつながっているかを理解できる。これが分かれば、ずっと幅が広がる。健康でいるために運動するのとおなじことだ。上手な絵を描こう、素晴らしい絵を描こうとするのは、無用なことだ。私たちが目指すべきは、知的な落書きだ」
 - リチャードウィリアムズ

These works by German illustrator Heinrich Kley are perfect examples of drawings that have weight and clarity.  His ink illustrations are loose and have a vitality showing clear gesture or line of action.  


Kley found gesture in large, bulky creatures such as elephants and maximized the obvious gesture in the long "S" curve bodies of alligators. 


Walt Disney was a collector of his art after being introduced to it by Disney artist Joe Grant. The influence of Kley's work in Disney's Fantasia segment, "Dance of the Hours" is undeniable.  

Kley's chaotic, but fun artwork should be an inspiration to loosen up and go to the heart of the gesture found in figures. The scaffolding of the working parts of the figure  (whether it be an elephant or a damsel) can be attached and cleaned up later. 



If Kley can successfully find the fluid gesture in a turtle, we should be inspired to at least find it in the human form!



Sunday, April 9, 2017

The Great Dynamic Bill Tytla - ビル・ティトラ , ディズニーナイン・オールドメンの先輩

 "Bill was powerful, muscular, high-strung and sensitive, with a tremendous ego," - Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston 

Vladimir Peter Tytla entered the Walt Disney Animation studio in 1934 and became one of the greatest supervising animators of all time and mentor some of Disney's younger animators who would be known as "Disney's Nine Old Men".  

In Japan Bill Tytla would have been referred to as "senpai" (which means senior) and he along with Freddy Moore (who designed the classic modern version Mickey Mouse) would school the Nine Old Men in the principles of "dynamics" and "appeal" respectively. 

[Bill Tytla] brought the volatile acting of a man who had been around the world and had this worldliness of how things behaved.  Bill did things of enormous scale..."  - Marc Davis

An artist who could bring to life something as powerful and iconic as this: 

And still be sensitive enough understand the subtleties of a delicate character like this,  says much about the artist. 

Bill noted in story meetings that a character's pose should be a reaction to something, otherwise it would be just a drawing. 

Bill would be well known for animating Stromboli in Pinocchio, the devil Chernobog in Night on Bald Mountain, and Dumbo the elephant.  In Dumbo he animated a performance that is still recognised today and causes viewers to tear,  generations after its debut. 

In 1994 animation historian John Canemaker organised an exhibition of Bill Tytla's works at the Katona Musuem of Art.  Below is the catalogue of the exhibition.  I originally found the catalogue on Michael Sporn's Splog to which he referenced the Hollywood Animation Resource.  


Thursday, April 6, 2017

友だち: コメ袋(小麦袋)- Your Friend the Rice Bag (Japanese)



1)   明確なウェイト(重心)
2)   体に働くフォース(力)
3)   感情!!